The Norae Shanty was developed as part of the 2005 Art Shanty Projects as a space to explore intimate connection through song. There have been multiple iterations of the Norae Shanty including; the original on-ice installation (2005-2008), a mobile version based on Oahu and the University of Hawai’i Manoa (2008), and a semi-permenant version based in South Minneapolis (2008-2015).